At the end of last month I attended a Nanodairy Gathering at Monkton Wyld Court in Dorset. The gathering was an information sharing event for people who are interested in small scale milk production, mostly looking at raw milk from one to four cows.
The event was specifically for cows and not goats or milk sheep.
The event was spread over two days with the opportunity to look around the diary at Monkton Wyld, a whole afternoon with a vet and Christine Page from Smiling Tree Farm who sells raw milk joined us for most of the second day.
Monkton Wyld Court has Jersey cows, there has been a ‘nanodairy’ of three to six cows since at least 1941 making it possible the oldest dairy of it’s size in the UK.
Christine Page runs Smiling Tree Farm which sells raw milk, again from Jerseys’ cows, to local customers and via mail order. Christine’s farm is completely pasture feed and there was some interesting discussion about the benefits of this. Christine milks her cows once a day, keeping the calves on their mothers until they are around six months old. Only milking once a day results in an approximant drop of a third in milk yield. Christine has not had any problems with milk fever is moving over to pasture feeding.
My notes from the event
- Meadow is mown and removed (by taking the crop away the fertility is also removed), pasture land is grazed (grazed land will slowly increase in fertility as a crop is not removed)
- Grass growth goes up from March, peaks in July, falls in August, raises a little in September then falls off through the winter
- Rye grass is liked by cows, grows fast and is high in sugar but has shallow root systems
- June hay is higher in sugar, July and August hay is higher in minerals
- Plantain is a natural warmer
- Older cows have higher butter fats, younger cows have higher sugar content
- Cream comes at the end of milking
- ‘Let down’ happens for 4 – 5 minutes, after that milking is harder
- Cows need a ‘dry’ period of six to eight weeks to allow the udder tissue to repair
- Mastitis can be spread from hands, washing clothes, flies, etc.
- Younger and healthier cows should always be milked first